Response to: “Small-cell carcinoma of the genitourinary tract: a point of view”

Letter to the Editor

Response to: “Small-cell carcinoma of the genitourinary tract: a point of view”


Nadeem Pervez, MBBS

Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta


doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.23.3116

The Editor

Current Oncology

23 April 2016

I thank Dr. Nabil Ismaili for reading our article1 and giving his valuable comments with regard to the management of genitourinary small-cell carcinoma (scc). Dr. Ismaili agrees with us about the essential role of chemotherapy in the management of genitourinary scc. However, he does not agree with our suggestion of treatment being analogous to that in small-cell lung cancer.

We suggested a platinum-containing chemotherapy regimen for scc of the urinary bladder because the chemotherapy used in either scc or transitional-cell carcinoma of the bladder is platinum-based. Also, pure scc behavior is thought to be similar in its various anatomic sites, and no randomized trial has established a specific chemotherapy regimen in this malignancy. We mentioned in our article that scc of the urinary bladder can be managed by various combinations of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy. Our study demonstrated that approximately 37% of the cases of scc of the urinary bladder were associated with transitional-cell carcinoma of the bladder1. In my opinion, those cases can be treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery, if feasible. On the other hand, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiation can be used when organ preservation is preferred, especially in cases with pure scc histology.

In our cohort, only 1 patient was treated with prophylactic cranial irradiation, and 1 who was untreated with prophylactic cranial irradiation developed brain metastasis at a later stage1. We therefore did not recommend routine use of prophylactic cranial irradiation in genitourinary scc. Any related decisions should be made on an individual case basis. I noted a 50% rate of brain metastasis reported by the MD Anderson group2 in stage iii and iv patients. That rate of brain metastasis is higher than the rate observed in our report and in other published retrospective studies1,3.

I concur with Dr. Ismaili that the optimal management of small-cell carcinoma of the prostate is not well defined. However, we suggest limiting the use of androgen deprivation therapy in a mixed histology of scc and adenocarcinoma.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST DISCLOSURES

I have read and understood Current Oncology’s policy on disclosing conflicts of interest, and I declare that I have none.

REFERENCES

1. Pervez N, El-Gehani F, Joseph K, et al. Genitourinary small-cell carcinoma: a single-institution experience. Curr Oncol 2013;20:258–64.
cross-ref  pubmed  pmc  

2. Siefker-Radtke AO, Kamat AM, Grossman HB, et al. Phase ii clinical trial of neoadjuvant alternating doublet chemotherapy with ifosfamide/doxorubicin and etoposide/cisplatin in small-cell urothelial cancer. J Clin Oncol 2009;27:2592–7.
cross-ref  pubmed  

3. Bex A, Sonke GS, Pos FJ, Brandsma D, Kerst JM, Horenblas S. Symptomatic brain metastases from small-cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder: the Netherlands Cancer Institute experience and literature review. Ann Oncol 2010;21:2240–5.
cross-ref  pubmed  


Correspondence to: Nadeem Pervez, Radiation Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2. E-mail: nadeemp@yahoo.com

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Current Oncology, VOLUME 23, NUMBER 3, June 2016








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