Follow-up care for survivors of lymphoma who have received curative-intent treatment

J. Sussman, N.P. Varela, M. Cheung, L. Hicks, D. Kraftcheck, J. Mandel, G. Fraser, L. Jimenez-Juan, A. Boudreau, S. Sajkowski, R. McQuillan

Abstract


Objective

This evidence summary set out to assess the available evidence about the follow-up of asymptomatic survivors of lymphoma who have received curative-intent treatment.

Methods

The medline and embase databases and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for evidence published between 2000 and August 2015 relating to lymphoma survivorship follow-up. The evidence summary was developed by a Working Group at the request of the Cancer Care Ontario Survivorship and Cancer Imaging programs because of the absence of evidence-based practice documents in Ontario for the follow-up and surveillance of asymptomatic patients with lymphoma in complete remission.

Results

Eleven retrospective studies met the inclusion criteria. The proportion of relapses initially detected by clinical manifestations ranged from 13% to 78%; for relapses initially detected by imaging, the proportion ranged from 8% to 46%. Median time for relapse detection ranged from 8.6 to 19 months for patients initially suspected because of imaging and from 8.6 to 33 months for those initially suspected because of clinical manifestations. Only one study reported significantly earlier relapse detection for patients initially suspected because of clinical manifestations (mean: 4.5 months vs. 6.0 months, p = 0.042). No benefit in terms of overall survival was observed for patients depending on whether their relapse was initially detected because of clinical manifestations or surveillance imaging.

Summary

Findings in the present study support the importance of improving awareness on the part of survivors and clinicians about the symptoms that might be associated with recurrence. The evidence does not support routine imaging for improving outcomes in this patient population.

 


Keywords


Lymphoma; Hodgkin lymphoma; non-Hodgkin lymphoma; follow-up; relapse

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.23.3265






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ISSN: 1198-0052 (Print) ISSN: 1718-7729 (Online)