Feasibility of assessing patient health benefits and incurred costs resulting from early dysphagia intervention during and immediately after chemoradiotherapy for head-and-neck cancer
Resource limitations affect the intensity of speech–language pathology (slp) dysphagia interventions for patients with head-and-neck cancer (hnc). The objective of the present study was to assess the feasibility of a prospective clinical trial that would evaluate the effects on health and patient costs of early slp dysphagia interventionfor hnc patients planned for curative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (ccrt).
Patients with hnc planned for curative ccrt were consecutively recruited and received dysphagia-specific intervention before, during, and for 3 months after treatment. Swallowing function, body mass index, health-related quality of life (qol), and out-of-pocket costs were measured before ccrt, at weeks 2 and 5 during ccrt, and at 1 and 3 months after ccrt. Actuarial percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (peg) removal rates and body mass index in the study patients and in a time-, age-, and disease-matched cohort were compared.
The study enrolled 21 patients (mean age: 54 years; 19 men). The study was feasible, having a 95% accrual rate, 10% attrition, and near completion of all outcomes. Compared with the control cohort, patients receiving dysphagia intervention trended toward a higher rate of peg removal at 3 months after ccrt [61% (32%–78%) vs. 53% (23%–71%), p = 0.23]. During ccrt, monthly pharmaceutical costs ranged between $239 and $348, with work loss in the range of 18–30 days for patients and 8–12 days for caregivers.
ConclusionsWe demonstrated the feasibility of comparing health and economic outcomes in patients receiving and not receiving early slp dysphagia intervention. These preliminary findings suggest that early slp dysphagia intervention for hnc patients might reduce peg dependency despite worsening health. Findings also highlight effects on financial security for these patients and their caregivers.