Targeting T cell activation in immuno-oncology

  • S. D. Saibil Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto
  • P.S. Ohashi

Abstract

The years since 2009 have seen tremendous progress in unlocking the curative potential of the immune system for the treatment of cancer. Much of that revolution in immuno-oncology has been fueled by the clinical success of immune checkpoint inhibitors, particularly those targeting the PD-1 axis. Unfortunately, many patients still fail to benefit from checkpoint blockade or other immunotherapies. An inability to fully activate antitumour T cells contributes in part to the failure of those therapies. Here, we review the basic biology of T cell activation, with particular emphasis on the essential role of the dendritic cell and the innate immune system in T cell activation. The current understanding of the multiple factors that govern T cell activation and how they impinge on tumour immunotherapy are also discussed. Lastly, treatment strategies to potentially overcome barriers to T cell activation and to enhance the efficacy of immunotherapy are addressed.

Published
2019-04-15
How to Cite
Saibil, S. D., & Ohashi, P. (2019). Targeting T cell activation in immuno-oncology. Current Oncology, 27(S2). https://doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5285